The following table shows our selection of gender-responsive migration governance practices by theme.

Access to services Promote non-discrimination and safe access to basic services
Provide gender-responsive information on basic services
OBJECTIVE 15: Provide access to basic services for migrants
Border crossing/arrivals Create gender-responsive referral mechanisms at borders OBJECTIVE 12: Strengthen certainty and predictability in migration procedures for appropriate screening, assessment and referral
Data Improve data collection disaggregated by sex, age, migration status, etc. OBJECTIVE 1: Collect and utilize accurate and disaggregated data as a basis for evidence-based policies
Detention Favour non-custodial measures, especially for families and children
Protect rights and best interests of the child, including right to family life and family unity
OBJECTIVE 13: Use immigration detention only as a measure of last resort and work towards alternatives
Drivers Promote investment in SDGs to eliminate adverse drivers, including through gender equality and empowerment of women and girls, addressing violence, non-discrimination, access to justice, protection of rights. OBJECTIVE 2: Minimize the adverse drivers and structural factors that compel people to leave their country of origin
Employment Review labour laws, employment policies to include specific needs and contributions of women migrant workers; provide effective remedy for exploitation and abuse, including SGBV; promote gender-responsive labour mobility policies

Promoting full respect for human and labour rights of migrant domestic workers

Protect migrants working in the informal economy

Empower migrant women by eliminating gender-based discriminatory restrictions on formal employment

Make gender-responsive remote or online skills development and matching programmes to enhance employability; promote economic empowerment of women
OBJECTIVE 6: Facilitate fair and ethical recruitment and safeguard conditions that ensure decent work

OBJECTIVE 16: Empower migrants and societies to realize full inclusion and social cohesion

OBJECTIVE 18: Invest in skills development and facilitate mutual recognition of skills, qualifications and competences
Identity documentation & registration Ensure all migrants have proof of legal identity and adequate documentation including by registering migrants’ births, ensuring that women and men can equally confer their nationality to their children OBJECTIVE 4: Ensure that all migrants have proof of legal identity and adequate documentation
Information Provide gender-responsive support and counselling; information and legal guidance on rights and obligations; information campaigns; pre-departure orientation training. OBJECTIVE 3: Provide accurate and timely information at all stages of migration
Integration Promote gender-responsive, vocational and civic integration courses and workshops OBJECTIVE 16: Empower migrants and societies to realize full inclusion and social cohesion
LGBTQI+ Protection Protect the human rights of LGBTQI+ people on the move, including right to seek asylum

Avoid detention; protect from homophobic and transphobic violence
Participation Involve and consult women migrants and civil society organizations in design of migration policies and programs

Include community-based women’s organizations and relevant government ministries
GCM Guiding Principle of Whole of Society, Whole of Government
Pathways Create gender-responsive bilateral, regional and multilateral labour mobility agreements; access to permanent pathways for women OBJECTIVE 5: Enhance availability and flexibility of pathways for regular migration
Remittances & financial inclusion Promote gender-responsive programmes and instruments to enhance financial inclusion of migrants OBJECTIVE 20: Promote faster, safer and cheaper transfer of remittances and foster financial inclusion of migrants
Return & repatriation Promote gender-responsive return and reintegration programmes that take place on the basis of the migrant’s free, prior and informed consent. OBJECTIVE 21: Cooperate in facilitating safe and dignified return and readmission, as well as sustainable reintegration
Sexual and reproductive health and rights Provide access to sexual and reproductive health-care services for women, girls and LGBTQI+ migrants
Social protection Address the difficulties women can face in accessing social protection OBJECTIVE 22: Establish mechanisms for the portability of social security entitlements and earned benefits
Smuggling & trafficking Recognize “special needs of women and children” who are smuggled migrants by developing gender-responsive cooperation protocols along migration routes with step-by-step measures to assist them.

Enhance protection of trafficking victims, esp. women and children through

Delink protection from obligation to cooperate with authorities against suspected traffickers

Create measures that permit victims to remain in the country of destination
OBJECTIVE 9: Strengthen the transnational response to smuggling of migrants

OBJECTIVE 10: Prevent, combat and eradicate trafficking in persons in the context of international migration
Violence/vulnerabilities Apply a gender-responsive approach in addressing vulnerabilities, including in responses to mixed movements

Review relevant policies and practices to ensure they do not unintentionally contribute to migrant vulnerability, including by applying a gender-responsive approach

Provide necessary support to women at risk, sexual and gender-based violence, domestic workers, and trafficking victims

Develop gender-responsive migration policies to address the particular needs and vulnerabilities of migrant women, girls and boys, which may include access to services, justice and effective remedies

Address workplace-related vulnerabilities for domestic workers and those in the informal economy

Strengthen consular capacities to assist nationals in situation of vulnerability by providing training on gender-responsive actions
OBJECTIVE 7: Address and reduce vulnerabilities in migration

OBJECTIVE 14: Enhance consular protection, assistance and cooperation throughout the migration cycle

Discover documents, reports and training manuals grouped by objectives in the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM).

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